One such relic was the supposed Yeti scalp kept in the Khumjung monastery, but when it was studied it was found to have been fashioned from an animal hide – and a similar story usually plays out on closer inspection of these samples.
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However, deaths as a result of fires, explosions, airplane crashes, and other traumatic events, as well as old remains are difficult to identify via traditional methods .
Victim remains at fatal fire scenes are typically difficult to detect, recover and handle.
"Our findings strongly suggest that the biological underpinnings of the Yeti legend can be found in local bears, and our study demonstrates that genetics should be able to unravel other, similar mysteries," says Lindqvist.
"Bears in this region are either vulnerable or critically endangered from a conservation perspective, but not much is known about their past history," says Lindqvist.
Perpetrators often use fire in order to destroy the body, destroy features used in victim identification (e.g., facial features or fingerprints), and/or destroy evidence related to the circumstances surrounding the death .